What lessons we can learn from Mahakumbha at Triveni Sangama as Management Students?
Kumbh Mela:It is held every third year at one of the four places by
rotation: Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Nasik and Ujjain. Thus the Kumbh
Mela is held at each of these four places every twelfth year. Ardh (Half) Kumbh Mela is held at only two places,Haridwar and Allahabad, every sixth year. The rivers at these four places are: Ganga at Haridwar, confluence (“Sangam”) of Ganga and Yamuna and mythical Saraswati at Prayag(Allahabad), Godawari at Nasik and Shipra at Ujjain.
"Kumbh" means a pitcher and “Mela” means fair
in Hindi. The pilgrimage is held for about one and a half months at
each of these four places where — it is believed in Hindu mythology —
drops of nectar fell from the Kumbh carried by gods after the sea was
The first written evidence of the Kumbha Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese traveler, Huan Tsang (602 - 664 A.D.) who visited India in 629 -645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana,
However, similar observances date back many centuries, where the river
festivals first started getting organised. According to medieval history, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana,Vishnu Purana,the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.
The account goes that the demigods had lost their strength by the
curse of Durväsä Muni, and to regain it, they approached Lord Brahma and
Lord Shiva. They directed all the demigods to the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, Lord Vishnu and after praying to Lord Vishnu, he instructed them to churn the ocean of milk Ksheera Sagara (primordial ocean of milk) to receive Amrita (the nectar of immortality). This required them to make a temporary agreement with their arch enemies, the demons, to work together with a promise of sharing the wealth equally thereafter. However, when the Kumbha
(urn) containing the amrita appeared, a fight ensued. For twelve days
and twelve nights (equivalent to twelve human years) the gods and demons
fought in the sky for the pot of amrita. It is believed that during the
battle, Lord Vishnu (incarnated as Mohini-Mürti) flew away with the Kumbha of elixir spilling drops of amrita at four places: Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik.
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganga river, Kumbh Mela at Allahabad(Prayag), 2001
The order of entering the water is fixed. First the Juna, and the Niranjani and Mahanirvani akharas proceed to the water one after another in an orderly manner.
Kumbh Mela in Allahabad in 2001.
The festival is billed as the "biggest gathering on Earth".
There is no scientific method of ascertaining the number of pilgrims
even approximately and the estimates of the number of pilgrims bathing
on the most auspicious day may vary very widely from two to eight
million depending upon the team(s) of persons making the estimate and
the rough method of making the estimate. This year it may cross around 120 million.